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新中国民族工作研究(1949~1957)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:新中国民族工作研究(1949~1957)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:王换芳著

出版社:社会科学文献出版社

出版时间:2019-09-01

书籍编号:30593690

ISBN:9787520152846

正文语种:中文

字数:227199

版次:1

所属分类:社会科学-传统文化

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新中国民族工作研究(1949~1957)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载








新中国民族工作研究(1949~1957)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

文前辅文


本书为国家社科基金项目“蒙汉民族交往与‘走西口’现象的跨文化研究”(2016XMZ046)的阶段性成果,并获包头师范学院“青年科技英才”计划、2017年度内蒙古自治区“草原英才”工程、2019年度内蒙古自治区高等学校“青年科技英才支持计划”(NJYT-19-A24)资助出版。

摘要


建立现代国家,实现中华民族的伟大复兴,是近代以来无数中国人不懈追求的梦想与目标。然而,洋务运动、戊戌变法、辛亥革命都没有使中国走上现代化的道路。在国家、民族危难之际,中国共产党立足于中国多民族的现实国情,重视国内民族问题的解决,将少数民族的生存与解放斗争纳入中国革命总目标之中,逐步树立了解决中国民族问题的思想、纲领和方针,担负起国家独立、民族解放、主权完整的重任。


新中国成立后,中国共产党运用国家政权力量与资源,将解决民族问题的思想、纲领和方针付诸于实践。这是中国共产党从实际出发,将马克思主义民族理论与中国多民族国情相结合而开创的中国特色解决民族问题的新道路,基本确立了解决民族问题的制度安排与政策框架,并通过开展一系列民族工作,促进少数民族地区的政治、经济、文化等各方面的快速发展,各少数民族逐步走上社会主义道路,这一时期的民族工作被誉为中国共产党民族工作的第一个“黄金时代”。如今,在快速的中国经济社会发展过程中,民族问题面临许多新情况、新问题,我们有必要重新回过头来,对新中国初期党和国家的民族工作理论与实践进行全面、系统的梳理与盘点,认真总结和吸取该时期民族工作的成功经验与教训,这对做好新时期民族工作、解决民族问题具有重要的启示与借鉴意义。


本书包括绪论、正文和结语三个部分。


绪论部分主要介绍研究缘起、相关研究的文献综述、核心概念界定、基本框架及研究方法、创新及不足之处。


正文部分共分为六章。


第一章主要阐述中国现代民族国家建构问题。该章从近代中国的社会转型和社会主要矛盾的变化入手,论述了王朝国家的衰微以及近代中国民族问题的产生,梳理了洋务运动、戊戌变法、清末新政、辛亥革命对现代化道路的尝试及近代民族主义思潮在中国的传播与发展,探讨了中国由王朝国家向现代民族国家的转变之路。该章着重阐释了中国共产党运用马克思主义关于民族与国家的学说,立足中国革命及多民族国情,逐步探索出一条适合中国国情的解决民族问题的现代民族国家建构之路,完成由“民族自决”向“民族区域自治”转变的制度设计过程。


第二章主要阐述了中国共产党将新中国成立之前关于解决民族问题的理论与政策付诸实践和创新,以保障少数民族的平等权与自治权利的过程。本章阐释了新中国初期制定和实施民族区域自治制度的现实考虑,主要包括历史上中国是一个各民族共同缔造的统一的多民族国家,各民族相互交往、友好相处始终是民族关系的主流,以汉族为主体的各民族大杂居、小聚居的分布特点及近代以来各民族结成的命运共同体等要素。本章还论述了民族区域自治制度的确立与全面推行,包括《中国人民政治协商会议共同纲领》《中华人民共和国民族区域自治实施纲要》、1954年《中华人民共和国宪法》对该制度的规定与实施及对散杂居少数民族的权利保障。同时,本章还探讨了民族区域自治制度的优越性。


第三章主要阐述民族识别这一新中国民族工作的重要举措。该章指出,新中国成立初期民族识别工作是党和国家开展民族工作的政治需要和少数民族平等参与国家政治生活的内在要求,认为民族识别工作是依据灵活运用斯大林“民族”定义基础上,全面、综合地分析民族特征,并参照本民族意愿而进行,摸清了中国多民族国家的民族“家底”。同时,分析了民族识别工作的复杂性和艰巨性,阐释了民族识别的历程、类型,并从民族与国家关系角度讨论了民族识别工作的重大意义。


第四章主要阐述少数民族干部培养政策与工作,为现代民族国家建构提供了有力的组织保障。该章分析了新中国初期对少数民族干部培养的现实考虑,阐述了少数民族干部培养工作的重要举措,并对此时期少数民族干部培养的成效进行了评估。


第五章主要阐述社会主义新型民族关系的建构。新中国初期,党和国家根据我国民族关系现状,在少数民族地区开展一系列政治、经济、文化、社会方面的调研工作,初步确立了新型民族政治、经济、文化关系。民族地区进行民主改革和社会主义改造后,民族关系具有了社会主义性质,基本确立了平等、团结、互助的社会主义新型民族关系。


第六章探讨了现代民族国家建构视角下新中国民族工作的历史经验及现代启示,不仅推动了现代中国新整合,还丰富和发展了马克思主义理论,并对做好新时期民族工作提供了有益借鉴。


结语部分回顾了近代以来中国现代民族国家建构的尝试历程,对新中国初期的民族工作进行客观评价,同时对新时期的民族工作做些展望。


关键词:现代国家建构 民族国家 新中国 民族工作

ABSTRACT


It has been the dream and goal of numerous Chinese people\'s relentless pursuit to establish a modern state and to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation since the modern times,However,Westernization Movement,the Hundred Days\' Reform movement or the Revolution of 1911 has not ledChina on the path of modernization. The Communist Party of China kept a foothold of multi-ethnic realistic national conditions and attached great importance to solve domestic ethnic issues bringing the existence and liberal struggle of the ethnic minority into the overall goals of the Chinese revolution in times of danger of our country and nation. The ideas of solving the ethnic issues in China,platform and policy have been set up step by step. The Communist Party of China has taken on the important task of independence and liberation of the nation and country and full sovereignty.


The Communist Party of China has taken advantage of the state power and resources to appeal to practice the ideology,principles and policies of solving the ethnic issues after the founding of New China. Based on the reality,the Communist Party of China has combined Marxism ethnic theory with multi-ethnic condition in China to create ways to solve ethnic issues with Chinese characteristics,and it was established about the basic policy framework and institutional arrangement of solving the ethnic issues. In the meantime,there was rapid progress in political,economic,cultural and social development in the minority areas by carrying out a series of ethnic work. As the result,the ethnic groups in China were on the path of socialism gradually. This period of the national work is also known as the first“golden age”of the ethnic work of the Communist Party. Ethnic issues face with many new situations and new problems in the great process of China\'s economic and social rapid development now,so it\'s necessary for us to go back again to conduct a comprehensive and systematic carding with inventory about the theory and practice of ethnic work carried out by the Party and our country in the early years of New China and summarize seriously the experiences and lesson of ethnic work during this period,which has important meaning of inspiration and reference to do ethnic work well and solve the ethnic issues in the new period.


The book includes three parts including to introduction,text and epilogue.


The introduction part mainly introduces the research origin,literature review of related research,the definition of core concepts,basic framework and research methods,innovation and deficiency.


The text is divided intosix fronts.


The first front mainly elaborates China\'s construction problem of modern national state. This front discusses the dynastic decline of the country and the ethnic problems in modern China as the point of penetration of social transformation and change of the main social contradiction by carding the Westernization Movement,the Hundred Days\' Reform movement,the policy in the late Qing dynasty and the Revolution of 1911 for modernization and the spread and development of modern nationalism trend of thought in China. It also probes into the China\'s change from dynasty country to modern national country and emphasizes that the Communist Party of China applied Marxist theory about nation and country,which is based on the multi-ethnic circumstances in China\'s revolution and to find gradually a suitable way to solve the problems of the modern national state under China\'s national conditions. As the result,the process of the system design of transformation from“national self-determination”to“regional autonomy of ethnic minorities”was finished.


The second front mainly expounds the theory and policy of the Communist Party of China to solve the problem before the founding of New China in practice and innovation so as to protect the rights of ethnic minorities in the process of the right to equality and autonomy. This

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