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当代中国女性公共参与意识培育pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:当代中国女性公共参与意识培育pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:杨霞著

出版社:社会科学文献出版社

出版时间:2019-10-01

书籍编号:30593815

ISBN:9787520153515

正文语种:中文

字数:155804

版次:1

所属分类:社会科学-社会学

全书内容:

当代中国女性公共参与意识培育pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载








当代中国女性公共参与意识培育pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

文前辅文


本书是国家社会科学基金项目“基于自媒体的女性参与赋能机制研究”(项目批准号:18BXW084)阶段性成果

摘要


女性公共参与意识培育是女性不断获得主体性、增强权利意识的过程,也是女性的行动影响公共决策和权利维护的过程,还是女性的民主能力建设的过程,更是不断展现女性群体力量的过程。女性公共参与意识的培育和发展,实质是女性与国家社会关系的重构过程,是经济社会发展与女性自我意识发展的综合性过程。


从思想政治教育的视域研究当代中国女性公共参与意识的培育,是深入解读马克思主义妇女观的重要内容,是全面建设法治社会的题中应有之义,不仅有助于完善现代思想政治教育的内容体系,推动思想政治教育的现代转型,而且有助于丰富中国特色社会主义妇女理论。从实践层面上看,女性公共参与意识培育研究可以为提升思想政治教育研究的现实有效性提供很好的个案证明,也有益于提高女性公民的公共参与意识,形成推动社会发展的合力,并进一步落实男女平等基本国策,促进性别和谐,推进社会民主进程。


本书以马克思主义妇女解放理论和中国特色社会主义妇女理论为指导和分析框架,借鉴社会性别理论和社会学、心理学的相关理论,在国家与妇女互动同构的研究理念下,从动态发展的角度来考察女性公共参与意识培育。研究认为我国女性公共参与意识发展的历程就是中国共产党领导下的妇女运动史。女性公共参与意识的启蒙、进步与觉醒是伴随着女性运动史奋争、解放与发展形成的,二者如影随形,紧密相连。中国共产党从成立之日起,就把领导和组织妇女运动作为其思想政治教育工作的重要内容。新民主主义革命时期,中国共产党动员广大妇女群众把自身政治权利的实现与民族解放、阶级解放相结合,参与到反帝反封建的民族民主运动中,催生了女性的参与意识。新中国从制度和法律上确立了男女平等的社会地位,女性公共参与意识在“被解放”的动员型语境下被广泛激发,虽然层次不高,但是为女性自主参与意识的觉醒打下了实践基础。改革开放为广大女性的全面参与创造了前所未有的良好环境,国家的制度安排使女性在政治、经济、文化、社会各个领域由“缺席”向“在场”转变,女性的公共参与意识逐步实现真正的觉醒,参与意识和参与能力大大提高,自主参与的广度和深度都有所增强。这一时期是中国女性在“社会性”解放基础上“女性意识”和“主体意识”觉醒的转折时期。


回顾我国女性公共参与意识培育的历程,之所以能取得长足的发展,在于坚持中国共产党的正确领导和马克思主义理论的科学指导;在于围绕不同时期的中心任务侧重不同培育主体,突出培育的层次性;在于不仅坚持把媒介宣传和文化教育相结合,而且注重发挥理论研究的支撑力;还在于充分重视妇女组织的强大作用,积极参与国际妇女活动。


随着社会转型期的深入,经济全球化、政治多极化和文化多元化的到来,女性公共参与意识培育和发展面临许多新情况、新挑战。经济转型发展中还存在性别歧视,政治领域中的参与尚有较大性别差距,先进性别文化的建构任重而道远,对女性的社会保障也有真空地带,生态文明建设中的性别盲点也一直存在。要破解这些现实困境,需要国家、社会、学校、家庭等各方协调一致,同时女性自身还要充分发挥主体性。具体来讲,第一,以制度正义保障女性民主参与的权利,确立将性别意识纳入决策主流的价值导向,完善保障女性权益的法律体系,加强性别平等参与的监督机制。第二,用科学的社会舆论引导并强化女性的参与观念,坚持马克思主义妇女发展观为本,同时吸收我国的优秀传统文化和国外性别文化的优秀成果,宣传与研究并重,逐层推进大众文化场域的建构。第三,充分发挥国民教育在公民身份建构中的主体作用,将性别平等教育渗透到基础教育的方方面面,把社会性别意识融入高校思想政治教育全过程。第四,营造平等和谐的家庭氛围,通过家庭教育的言传身教达成参与意识的启蒙。第五,引导女性树立主体意识,充分发扬“自尊、自信、自立、自强”的奋斗精神,提升自我,形成主动参与的思想境界和文化素养。

Abstract


The cultivation of women\'s public participation awareness is not only a process in which women continuously gain a more solid subjectivity and enhanced rights awareness,but also a process to build democratic capability and manifest the power of women as a group.In essence,the cultivation and development of women\'s public participation awareness is the reconstruction of ties between women and their country and society,as well as a comprehensive develop course in economy,society and women\'s self awareness.


Studying on the cultivation of contemporary Chinese women\'s public participation from the perspective of ideological and political education is a major part of in-depth interpretation of Marxist outlook on women and an integral component of the building of a rule of law society in an all round way.It not only facilitates to perfect modern ideological and political education,which can be shifted into modernity,but also helps to enrich socialist women\'s theory with Chinese characteristics.In terms of real practice,a research on the cultivation of women\'s public participation awareness can provide valuable cases to enhance effectiveness of ideological and political education.At the same time,it generates the awareness of women\'s public participation awareness,forming a united power to promote social development,so as to further implement the basic national policy of gender equality,enhance gender harmony and drive the course of social democracy.


The development of Chinese women\'s public participation awareness itself is a history of women\'s movements under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.The emergence,progress and awakening of women\'s public participation awareness are closely intertwined with the endeavor,liberation and development of women\'s movements.Since the founding of the Communist Party of China,leading and organizing women\'s movements have been a major part of the Party\'s ideological and political education.During new-democratic revolution,the Communist Party mobilized women to combine their own interests with national and class liberation,to participate in national democratic movements against imperialism and feudalism,thus fostering women\'s participation awareness.Since the founding of the People\'s Republic of China,gender equality has been adopted into law.Therefore,women\'s public participation awareness,though not at a high level,was activated extensively under the context of “being liberated”,laying practical foundation for women\'s voluntary participation consciousness.Since the Reform and Opening Up in 1978,an unprecedented favorable condition has been created for women\'s participation in an all round way.The national institution enabled women to shift from “absent” to “present” in such fields as politics,economy,culture,and other social sectors,making it a gradual genuine awakening of women\'s public participation awareness.With a remarkable enhancement of participation awareness and capability,and a great expansion of the scope and depth of women\'s voluntary participation,this period marked a transition for “women awareness” and “subjectivity awareness” on the basis of “socialization”.


A review on the nurturing process of Chinese women\'s public participation awareness demonstrates that the reason for this substantial development lies in the wise leadership of the Communist Party of China and the scientific guidance of Marxism,in the different cultivation subjectivities and layers in different development phases.It is also the result of the combination of media publicity and cultural education,which is supported by theory research.On top of that,the importance attached to women\'s organizations and proactive participation in international women\'s activities also plays a role.


With further social transition and the advent of economic globalization,political polarization and cultural diversity,cultivation and development of women\'s public participation awareness are faced with new situations and challenges,including gender discrimination in economic transition,gender gap in political sphere,distance from advanced gender culture,vacuum zone in women\'s social security and gender blind spots in eco-civilization.To address these problems,coordination among country,society,

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