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军事环境保护法律制度研究pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:军事环境保护法律制度研究pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:刘向辉著

出版社:陕西人民出版社

出版时间:2018-10-01

书籍编号:30612119

ISBN:9787224129731

正文语种:中文

字数:202381

版次:1

所属分类:社会科学-法律

全书内容:

军事环境保护法律制度研究pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

  • 习近平:在全国生态环境保护大会上的讲话,2018年5月18日。

    内容提要


    生态环境是关系党的使命宗旨的重大政治问题,也是关系民生的重大社会问题军事环境保护法律制度研究pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载。作为国家环境保护的重要内容之一,军事环境保护已经成为维护国家生态安全与推进军队全面建设的重要物质基础。在依法治国、依法治军的时代背景下,通过健全与完善的军事环境保护法律制度来调整军事环境保护工作中的各种社会关系,无疑将是我国进行军事环境保护的必由之路。可是,我国现有制度在立法理念、体系内容和可操作性等方面均需要进一步完善。因此,在强化依法维护国家环境安全意识的基础上,对现行制度进行完善,通过法律实施规范军事行动,将其对环境的损害减小到最低程度,实现军事利益与环境利益的协调与统一,无疑对推进新时期国防与军队建设,维护国家安全,都具有重要的战略意义。


    本书从军事行动对环境的破坏切入,以健全并完善我国军事环境保护法律制度为主线,在介绍分析国际法和外国有关军事环境保护法律制度内容特点的基础上,论述了我国现行军事环境保护法律制度存在的问题,进而分析了原因,并由此提出了针对性的对策与建议。全文共分为十个部分展开。


    引言部分介绍了对军事环境保护法律制度进行研究的理论和现实意义。


    第一章是围绕军事行动对环境的破坏进行阐述。其中主要说明了军事行动对环境所造成的直接和间接破坏,以此强调完善军事环境保护法律制度,依法进行军事环境保护的必要性。


    第二章对军事环境保护法律制度的概念、调整对象、内容和作用这四个基本理论问题进行分析。提出了军事环境保护法律制度调整对象的重点应当是军事训练、作战以及与此相关的其他军事行动。最后以国家环境安全为基础分析了军事环境保护法律制度的作用。


    第三章主要论述了国际法对军事行动的环境要求。首先介绍了国际条约及国际条约之外的国际宣言中有关军事环境保护法律制度的内容,之后分析了现行国际军事环境保护制度的不足以及对我国军事环境保护的立法借鉴。


    第四章通过对西方发达国家军事环境保护法律制度主要内容的介绍,总结出外国在军事环境保护法律制度以及环境安全意识培养等方面值得我国借鉴的经验和做法。


    第五章从我国军事环境保护法律制度的历史发展入手,介绍了我国军事环境保护立法以及编制体制的基本情况和特点,并就新中国军事环境保护法治建设的成就进行了阐述。


    第六章分析了我国现行军事环境保护法律制度存在的问题,主要是从体系的完备性、内容的可操作性以及制度的合理性三个方面展开,最后有针对性地分析了产生这些问题的原因。


    第七章从我国军事环境保护立法的指导思想、基本原则等宏观方面,提出了完善我国军事环境保护法律制度的总体构想。强调现阶段军事环境保护立法要以科学发展观为指导,为维护国家环境安全提供可靠的制度保障。


    第八章是针对我国现行军事环境保护法律制度所存在的问题,从完善我国军事环境保护立法制度、树立环境安全观念、填补立法空白、增强法律可操作性以及提高制度的合理性等方面,提出了相应的具体完善措施。


    结语部分主要是展望了我国未来军事环境保护工作及法律制度的发展趋势,同时也对此篇论文进行了较为客观公正的评价。

  • Abstract


    Scientific Concept of Development is the core idea and the fundamental requirements of our country and military work in the new era.As a part of important contents of the comprehensive,coordinated and sustainable development,military environmental protection(MEP)has become an important material foundation to maintain the country\'s whole security and to promote the military\'s comprehensive construction.Under the background of governing the country and the military according to law,to adjust all kinds of social relations in MEP task by the improvement of the legal system,will no doubt be the only way for China\'s MEP.However,our existing legal not only has lagged behind in the legislative idea,but also has deficiencies of the system\'s integrity,the content\'s operability,as well as the legal\'s rationality,all these deficiencies above delay the process of standardization about MEP.So,establishing the consciousness that safeguard national environmental security according to law and amending the shortcomings of the existing MEP legal system are imperative in the new century.The measures will help us minimize the extent of damage that caused by military activities according to the law,and make the military interests and environmental interests coordinate and unite under the premise of law.All the efforts have strategic importance for the national defense and military building in the new period,as well as for better protection of the national security.


    The thesis began with the environment pollution and destruction caused by military activities,then tried to elaborate the question which present MEPlegal regime exists,then analyzed the reason with the main line of improving the legal system of our country\'s MEP.The last and the most important,the thesis proposed the pertinence countermeasures and the suggestions in this foundation.The whole thesis altogether divided into ten parts.


    The introduction part mainly introduced the theory and the practical significance of conducts the research to the MEP legal regime.


    The first chapter revolved the environmental destructions that caused by military activities,tries to elaborate the direct and the indirect destructions which military activities created to environment.By this,emphased the necessity of improving military environmental protection legal regime and carring on the MEP according to the legal.


    The second chapter analyzed four elementary theory question of the military environmental protection legal regime,which are the concept,the adjust object,the content,and the function.Then the chapter proposed that the military training,the warfare and other related military activities should be the emphasis of MEP legal regime.Finally the chapter analyzed the MEP legal regime function which takes the country environmental safety as the foundation.


    The third chapter mainly elaborated the environment request that put forward by the international law to the military activities.At first,the thesis introduced related MEP legal regimes which belonged to international conventions and other international manifestos.Afterwards,the chapter analyzed the insufficiency of present international MEP legal system as well as the reference that our country should take from in the MEP legislation.


    The fourth chapter introduced the main content of MEP legal regime in western developed countries,and then summarized the experience and the procedure on the aspects of MEP legal regime,and the environmental safetylaw consciousness,which our country would profited from.


    The fifth chapter started from the historical development of our country\'s MEP legal regime,introduced the basic situation and the characteristic of our country\'s MEP legislation and the organizational structure,and then,the chapter elaborated on the environmental protection legislative work\'s achievements.


    The sixth chapter analyzed the question which our country\'s present MEP legal regime exists,mainly carried from three aspects,the system\'s integrity,the content\'s operability,as well as the legal\'s rationality.Finally the chapter analyzed the reasons of these deficiencies.


    The seventh chapter proposed the overall conception to improve our country\'s MEP legal regime,from the macroscopic aspects of our country\'s MEP legislation,such as the guiding ideology and the basic principle.The emphasis in present stage is that,the MEP legislation must take the Scientific Concept of Development as the main instruction and provide the reliable legal safeguard for maintenance country\'s environmental safety.


    The eighth chapter aimed at the question which our country\'s present MEP legal regime exists,proposed specific perfect measures for improving MEP legislation

    ....

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