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新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

推荐语:让考生逐步掌握托福实考的技巧,同时切实提高英语实际运用能力,从而在短期内轻松取得托福高分

作者:MichaelA.Putlack,WillLink,StephenPoirier

出版社:北京新东方大愚文化传播有限公司

出版时间:2009-09-01

书籍编号:30287047

ISBN:9787800809842

正文语种:中英对照

字数:309217

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-留学英语

全书内容:

新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载






Introduction

A. Information on the TOEFL新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载 iBT


The Format of the TOEFL新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载 iBT


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


B. Information on the Writing Section


The Writing section of the TOEFL® iBT measures test takers\' ability to use writing to communicate in an academic environment. This section has two writing tasks. For the first writing task, you will read a passage and listen to a lecture and then answer a question based on what you have read and heard. For the second writing task,you will answer a question based on your own knowledge and experience.


1. Types of Writing Tasks


(1) Integrated Writing Task


● Read – You will read a short text of about 230~300 words on an academic topic for 3 minutes. You may take notes on the reading passage.


● Listen – After reading the text, you will listen to a lecture discussing the same topic from a different perspective for about 2 minutes. You may take notes on the lecture.


● Write – You will have 20 minutes to write a 150- to 225-word summary in response to the following kinds of questions:


Casting Doubt


_ Summarize the points made in the lecture,being sure to explain how they cast doubt on specific points made in the reading passage.


_ Summarize the points made in the lecture,being sure to explain how they challenge specific claims/arguments made in the reading passage.


cf. This question type accounts for almost all the questions that have been asked on the TOEFL® iBT so far.


Problem–Solution


_ Summarize the points made in the lecture,being sure to specifically explain how they answer the problems raised in the reading passage.


(2) Integrated Writing Task


You will have 30 minutes to write an essay of at least 300 words in response to the following kinds of questions:


Agree / Disagree


_ Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? [A sentence or sentences that present an issue] Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.


cf. This question type accounts for almost all the essay topics that have been asked on the TOEFL® iBT so far.


Preference


_ Some people say X. Others believe Y. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.


_ Some people do X. Others people do Y.Which do you think is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.


2. Writing Scoring Rubrics


(1) Integrated Task (Question 1)


Your response to the Integrated Task will be scored according to these criteria:


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


(2) Independent Task (Question 2)


Your essay for the Independent Task will be scored according to these criteria:


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

How to Use This Book

How to Master Skills for the TOEFL® iBT Writing Intermediate is designed to be used either as a textbook for a TOEFL® iBT writing preparation course or as a tool for individual learners who are preparing for the TOEFL® test on their own. With a total of 16 units, this book is organized to prepare you for the test by providing you with a comprehensive understanding of the test and thorough practice of essential skills and question types to address the writing tasks on the TOEFL® iBT. Each unit provides a step-by-step program that can enhance your writing ability as well as familiarize you with the question types asked on the TOEFL® iBT. At the back of the book are a list of essential essay topics and two actual tests of the Writing section of the TOEFL® iBT.


PART 1 Integrated Writing


1 Note Taking & Outlining


In this section, you will practice taking notes while reading an academic passage and listening to a lecture on the same topic. Also, you will practice identifying and expressing the main arguments from both the reading and the lecture on a sentence level.


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


2 Paraphrasing & Summarizing


This section helps you to practice paraphrasing some important information from the reading and lecture in your own words as well as summarizing both the reading passage and the lecture.


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


3 Synthesizing & Organizing


This section allows you to practice combining the main arguments from both the reading and the lecture in one sentence. It also provides you with a useful template for writing a response.


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


4 Writing & Checking


In this part, you will read the academic passage and listen to the lecture once again and will be asked to write a completely new response on your own. You can evaluate your response with the given checklist.


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


PART 2 Independent Writing


5 Understanding the Topic | Brainstorming


These sections help you understand the essay topic and brainstorm your ideas about the topic. In the Understanding the Topic section, you will learn what kinds of questions you should ask to understand the topic appropriately. In the Brainstorming section, you can practice brainstorming your ideas in a structured way by using a mind map.


新托福考试专项进阶:中级写作pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


6 Outlining | Writing the Thesis Statement & Topic Sentences


These sections help you practice making an outline of your ideas and translating them into sentences. In the Outlining section, you will practice organizing your brainstormed ideas

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