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农业英语pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:农业英语pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

推荐语:甘肃省教育科学“十二五”规划研究成果

作者:王静萱编

出版社:重庆大学出版社

出版时间:2015-03-01

书籍编号:30199355

ISBN:9787562489337

正文语种:中文

字数:670086

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-实用英语

全书内容:

农业英语pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载








内容简介


《农业英语》是“甘肃省教育科学‘十二五’规划课题”(2013年度)研究成果。本教材为高等学校(包括高等专科院校和高等职业院校)农业类专业学生学习专业英语编写,农、林、生物、环境等专业的学生都可选用。同时,也可供各类成人院校及广大农林企业从业人员学习专业英语,提高涉外业务交际能力使用。


全书由12个单元组成,内容选择上难易结合,循序渐进,涉及自然资源、农业、植物、农业技术、现代农业、食品加工、种植、植物保护、生态农业、外贸英语以及应用写作等方面的知识。每单元有3~5篇文章组成,题材实用,相关知识都配有图片,帮助学生记忆和理解。为便于学习者学习,每篇文章均配有难句和要点注释、练习、参考译文及参考答案,以提高学生专业英语综合能力,帮助专业人员自学。附录部分增加了作物和蔬菜水果、农业经济等专业术语便于学习者查阅和应用。

前言


《农业英语》是“甘肃省教育科学十二五规划课题”(2013年度)研究成果。


为实现高职教育应用型人才培养的总体目标,满足行业企业对农业技术类人才专业英语知识的需求,贯彻《教育部关于以就业为导向深化高等职业教育改革的若干意见》精神,特编写此书。力求将区域农业外向型发展特色与学生未来工作岗位实际有机结合,旨在为学生提供岗位所需的专业英语知识和英语技能,介绍农业领域的新信息,激发学生基于已有知识获取新知识的创新学习能力,以此培养他们专业英语综合能力和涉外业务处理能力。


《农业英语》为大农科院校高等职业学生学习英语编写,农、林、生物、环境等专业的学生都可选用。鉴于本书注重英语综合能力和交际技能的特点,也可用于农林企业从业人员专业培训。


本书在农业技术类人才专门用途英语(ESP)教学研究与实践的基础上编写,具有较强的实用性和针对性。注重农业基础知识的同时紧跟当前形势,适度介绍农业前沿信息。


内容选择上难易结合,循序渐进,全书共12个单元,涉及自然资源、农业、植物、农业技术、现代农业、食品、种植、植保、生态农业、外贸英语以及应用写作等方面。每单元由3~7篇文章组成,题材实用,均配有相关注释与练习,以提高学生专业英语综合能力,帮助专业人员自学。增加了农业经济、作物和蔬菜水果名称,便于学习者查阅。


为改变专门用途英语教学沉闷枯燥无效的现状,本书每个单元都配有视听材料可以在单元开始前作为热身练习,教学中教师可视具体情况灵活选用。


本书由王静萱担任主编,收集与整理了所有资料,编写了第1单元、第2单元、第3单元、第4单元、第6单元、第8单元、第12单元及附录的内容。张慧琴担任副主编,编写了第7单元、第9单元和第10单元的内容。陈延森担任副主编,编写了第5单元、第11单元及附录的部分内容,同时负责全书的校对工作。


在编著本书的过程中,编者参考了大量国内外有关书籍和资料,特别是网络资料,在此表示衷心的感谢。由于水平有限,疏漏之处敬请专家读者批评指正。

Unit 1 Natural Resources


Lesson 1 Natural Resources: Priceless Gifts from the Earth


Earth has been blessed with an abundant supply of natural resources. Natural resources are those elements that exist on the planet for the use and benefit of all living things. Scientists commonly divide them into distinct groups for the purposes of studying them. These groups include agricultural resources, plants, animals, energy sources, landscapes, forests, minerals, and water and atmospheric resources. One thing we humans have learned is that many of the important resources we have come to depend on are not renewable. Nonrenewable means that once a resource is depleted it is gone forever. The fossil fuel that gasoline is produced from is an example of a nonrenewable resource. There is only a finite supply, and once it is used up, that is the end of it.


While living things such as animals are typically considered renewable resources, meaning they can potentially be replenished, animals hunted to extinction become nonrenewable resources. As we know from past evidence, the extinctions of the dinosaurs, the woolly mammoth, and the saber-toothed tiger were complete. Sometimes, extinctions like this may be caused by natural factors, such as climate change, drought, or flood, but many extinctions are caused by the activities of humans.


Overhunting caused the extinction of the passenger pigeon, which was once plentiful throughout North America. The bald eagle was hunted to the brink of extinction before it became a protected species, and African elephants are currently threatened with extinction because they are still being hunted for their ivory tusks. Overhunting is only one potential threat, though. Humans are also responsible for habitat loss. When humans change land use and convert an animal’s habitat to a city, this destroys the animal’s living space and food sources and promotes its endangerment.

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Plants can also be endangered or become extinct. An important issue facing us today is the destruction of the Earth’s tropical rain forests. Scientists believe there may be medicinal value in many plant species that have not been discovered yet. Therefore, destroying a plant species could be destroying a medical benefit for the future.


Because of human impact and influence all around the Earth, it is important to understand our natural resources, protect them, use them wisely, and plan for future generations. The environment—land, soil, water, plants, minerals, and animals—is a marvelously complex and dynamic system that often changes in ways too subtle to perceive.


Today, we have enlarged our vision of the landscape with which we interact. Farmers manage larger units of land, which makes their job more complex. People travel greater distances more frequently.


The pace of change in our society has accelerated as well. New technologies are always being developed. Many people no longer spend all their time focused in one place or using things in traditional ways. People now move from one place to another and are constantly developing and using new and different resources.


A sustainable society requires a sustainable environment. Because of this, we must think of natural resources in new ways. Today, more than ever, we must dedicate our efforts to conserve the land. We still live in a beautiful, largely natural world, but that world is quickly changing. World population growth and our desire to live comfortably are exerting pressures on our soil, air, water, and other natural resources.


In order to be responsible caretakers of the planet, it is important to realize that we humans have a partnership with the Earth and the other life that shares the planet with us. “We do not inherit the E

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