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房龙地理(大师经典文库)(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:房龙地理(大师经典文库)(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

推荐语:房龙地理,配以房龙绘制的手绘图片,讲述地理之上的人文

作者:[美]房龙(VanLoon,H.W.)

出版社:外语教学与研究出版社

出版时间:2011-03-01

书籍编号:30166518

ISBN:9787513505956

正文语种:英文

字数:138992

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-英语读物

全书内容:

大师经典文库


房龙地理


[美]房龙(Van Loon,H. W.) 著


外语教学与研究出版社

出版说明


《房龙地理》是著名荷兰裔美国作家、历史学家房龙的代表作之一,兼具知识性、文学性和趣味性,具有很强的可读性。房龙素以语言诙谐幽默、生动活泼见长,他将枯燥的地理知识深入浅出地娓娓道来,绘声绘色,引人入胜。


《房龙地理》不是一本传统意义上的地理书。它突破了常规地理书的写法,紧扣“人”的观念,站在全人类的高度讲述人类与环境之间的依存与改造,包括科学、艺术、商业、宗教和政治等活动。本书从历史的高度阐释了人与地理以及地球的关系,生动地演绎了“人文地理”这一概念,是一本阅读价值极高的人文地理学入门级读物。房龙在此书中贯穿了其惯有的行文风格,用诙谐幽默的文字化枯燥的地理知识于无形,使人在轻松愉快之际不仅领略把握了人类厚重历史发展的来龙去脉,且能在掩卷之际获得不少启发。房龙写作本书的目的,就是要让读者大众了解人文地理这门学科,正如他自己曾说过的,“我试着为普通读者和孩子们写书,以便他们学到这个世界的历史、地理和艺术。”


房龙作为20世纪上半叶的西方人,囿于自身和时代条件,一些观点和认识与当代现实颇有些距离和差异,因此请读者阅读时务必保持鉴别的眼光。这其中有知识上的差异,如书中称世界由五大洲构成,而目前公认世界上有七大洲;有测量数据上的差异,如珠穆朗玛峰(Mount Qomolangma)现在测定的高度为8844.43米,与当时的测量数据有一定出入;有史实性的差异,如奥匈帝国的民族构成与一般史料记载存在明显差异;有新旧地名的差异,如土耳其西部港市伊兹密尔(Izmir)在书中用的是旧称士麦那(Smyrna),波兰西南部城市布雷斯劳(Breslau)现名弗罗茨瓦夫(Wrocław);有新旧拼写系统的差异,如将Tianshan(天山)拼为Tienshan,将Kunlun(昆仑)拼为Kuen-lun;有地理区划的差异,如印度河在作者写作年代属于印度,而1947年印巴分治后印度河属于巴基斯坦。另外,由于自身立场的局限,房龙在书中的一些说法难以避免地抹上了殖民主义的色彩,如称中国人为Chinaman,称中国台湾为Formosa,称珠穆朗玛峰为Mount Everest,以及将1838年英国入侵阿富汗说成是帮助阿富汗人民推翻丧失民心的统治者。


当时的西方大众对中国普遍缺乏了解和认识,而房龙也对中国缺乏深入的了解和研究,因此他对中国长城、京杭大运河、黄河、台湾、太平天国、伪满洲国等的叙述都或多或少有不确之处。如他将台湾、西藏、新疆、伪满洲国、蒙古(内蒙古)等同国家并列。又如他在书中沿用了一些地区带有殖民色彩的名称,如亚瑟港(大连旅顺)等。再如,他对俄国十月革命及其对中国的影响的看法与我们当代主流看法颇有出入。还有他对两国之间界河、界山的名称也有些谬误之处,如中印边界范围的界定。此外作者对于八国联军侵华行为的粉饰、对于日本对外扩张原因的解释、对于美国对外侵略的理由都显示出其阶级性。这些都是作者囿于生活年代及生活背景以及参考资料的不全而做出的不确的叙述,读者了解即可。我们相信读者完全能够以正确的立场和价值观明辨是非,也能够辨识历史与当代的不同。


本书是一部可读性很强的经典地理学著作。在全书结尾,房龙借孩童的口问道:“不去旅行,学地理有什么用?”作为一本地理学入门读物,《房龙地理》不仅能引发读者对地理学的兴趣以及对地球的热爱,还能扩大视野,开拓心胸,激发读者对更辽阔的宇宙及未知世界的探寻。

Preface


房龙地理(大师经典文库)(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


Ten years ago you sent me a letter and today you get your answer.What you wrote (I am quoting from the original) was this:


\"…… Yes, but how about geography?No, I don\'t merely want a new geography.I want a geography of my own, a geography that shall tell me what I want to know and omit everything else and I want you to write it for me.I went to a school where they took the subject very seriously.I learned all about the different countries and how they were bounded and about the cities and how many inhabitants they had and I learned the names of all the mountains and how high they were and how much coal was exported every year, and I forgot all these things just as fast as I had learned them.They failed to connect.They resolved themselves into a jumble of badly digested recollections, like a museum too full of pictures or a concert that has lasted too long.And they were of no earthly value to me, for every time I needed some concrete fact, I had to look it up on maps and in atlases and encyclopedias and blue books.I suppose that many others have suffered in the same way.On behalf of all these poor victims, will you please give us a new geography that will be of some use?Put all the mountains and the cities and the oceans on your maps and then tell us only about the people who live in those places and why they are there and where they came from and what they are doing - a sort of human interest story applied to geography.And please stress the countries that are really interesting and don\'t pay quite so much attention to the others that are merely names, for then we will be able to remember all about them, but otherwise……\"


And I, eager as always to oblige when I receive a command from your hands, turn around and say, \"My dear, here it is!\"


房龙地理(大师经典文库)(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

Chapter 1 And These Are the People Who Live in the World We Live in


It sounds incredible, but nevertheless it is true.If everybody in this world of ours were six feet tall and a foot and a half wide and a foot thick (and that is making people a little bigger than they usually are), then the whole of the human race (and according to the latest available statistics there are now nearly 2,000,000,000 descendants of the original Homo Sapiens and his wife) could be packed into a box measuring half a mile in each direction.That, as I just said, sounds incredible, but if you don\'t believe me, figure it out for yourself and you will find it to be correct.


If we transported that box to the Grand Canyon of Arizona and balanced it neatly on the low stone wall that keeps people from breaking their necks when stunned by the incredible beauty of that silent witness of the forces of Eternity, and then called little Noodle, the dachshund, and told him (the tiny beast is very intelligent and loves to oblige) to give the unwieldy contraption a slight push with his soft brown nose, there would be a moment of crunching and ripping as the wooden planks loosened stones and shrubs and trees on their downward path, and then a low and even softer bumpity-bumpity-bump and a sudden splash when the outer edges struck the banks of the Colorado River .


Then silence and oblivion!


The human sardines in their mortuary chest would soon be forgotten.


The Canyon would go on battling wind and air and sun and rain as it has done since it was created.


The world would continue to run its even course through the uncharted heavens.


The astronomers on distant and nearby planets would have noticed nothing out of the ordinary.


A century from now, a little mound, densely covered with vegetable matter, would per

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