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为奴十二年 TWELVE YEARS A SLAVE(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载




为奴十二年 TWELVE YEARS A SLAVE(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:为奴十二年 TWELVE YEARS A SLAVE(英文版)pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载












Twelves Years a Slave


〔美〕诺萨普(Northup,S.) 〔美〕威尔逊(Wilson,D.) 著



When the editor commenced the preparation of the following narrative, he did not suppose it would reach the size of this volume.In order,however,to present all the facts which have been communicated to him,it has seemed necessary to extend it to its present length.

Many of the statements contained in the following pages are corroborated by abundant evidence—others rest entirely upon Solomon\'s assertion.That he has adhered strictly to the truth the editor,at least,who has had an opportunity of detecting any contradiction or discrepancy in his statements,is well satisfied.He has invariably repeated the same story without deviating in the slightest particular,and has also carefully perused the manuscript,dictating an alteration wherever the most trivial inaccuracy has appealed.

It was Solomon\'s fortune,during his captivity,to be owned by several masters.The treatment he received while at the“Pine Woods”shows that among slaveholders there are men of humanity as well of cruelty.Some of them are spoken of with emotions of gratitude—others in a spirit of bitterness.It is believed that the followingaccount of his experience on Bayou Boeuf presents a correct picture of Slavery in all its lights,and shadows,as it now exists in that locality.Unbiased,as he conceives,by any prepossessions or prejudices,the only object of the editor has been to give a faithful history of Solomon Northup\'s life,as he received it from his lips.

In the accomplishment of that object,he trusts he has succeeded,notwithstanding the numerous faults of style and of expression it may be found to contain.



Chapter I.

Having been born a freeman,and for more than thirty years enjoyed the blessings of liberty in a free State—and having at the end of that time been kidnapped and sold into Slavery,where I remained,until happily rescued in the month of January,1853,after a bondage of twelve years—it has been suggested that an account of my life and fortunes would not be uninteresting to the public.

Since my return to liberty,I have not failed to perceive the increasing interest throughout the Northern States,in regard to the subject of Slavery.Works of fiction,professing to portray its features in their more pleasing as well as more repugnant aspects,have been circulated to an extent unprecedented,and,as I understand,have created a fruitful topic of comment and discussion.

I can speak of Slavery only so far as it came under my own observation—only so far as I have known and experienced it in my own person.My object is,to give a candid and truthful statement of facts:to repeat the story of my life,without exaggeration,leaving it for others to determine,whether even the pages of fiction present a picture of more cruel wrong or a severer bondage.

As far back as I have been able to ascertain,my ancestors on the paternal side were slaves in Rhode Island.They belonged to a family by the name of Northup,one of whom,removing to the State of New York,settled at Hoosic,in Rensselaer county.He brought with him Mintus Northup,my father.On the death of this gentleman,which must have occurred some fifty years ago,my father became free,having been emancipated by a direction in his will.

Henry B.Northup,Esq.,of Sandy Hill,a distinguished counselor at law,and the man to whom,under Providence,I am indebted for my present liberty,and my return to the society of my wife and children,is a relative of the family in which my forefathers were thus held to service,and from which they took the name I bear.To this fact may be attributed the persevering interest he has taken in my behalf.

Sometime after my father\'s liberation,he removed to the town of Minerva,Essex county,N.Y.,where I was born,in the month of July,1808.How long he remained in the latter place I have not the means of definitely ascertaining.From thence he removed to Granville,Washington county,near a place known as Slyborough,where,for some years,he labored on the farm of Clark Northup,also a relative of his old master;from thence he removed to the Alden farm,at Moss Street,a short distance north of the village of Sandy Hill;and from thence to the farm now owned by Russel Pratt,situated on the road leading from Fort Edward to Argyle,where he continued to reside until his death,which took place onthe 22d day of November,1829.He left a widow and two children—myself,and Joseph,an elder brother.The latter is still living in the county of Oswego,near the city of that name;my mother died during the period of my captivity.

Though born a slave,and laboring under the disadvantages to which my unfortunate race is subjected,my father was a man respected for his industry and integrity,as many now living,who well remember him,are ready to testify.His whole life was passed in the peaceful pursuits of agriculture,never seeking employment in those more menial positions,which seem to be especially allotted to the