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美丽英文:别处的风景pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:美丽英文:别处的风景pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:王婉俊著

出版社:北京紫云文心图书有限公司

出版时间:2012-10-01

书籍编号:30153626

ISBN:9787510432149

正文语种:中英对照

字数:15249

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-英语读物

全书内容:

美丽英文袖珍馆·第2辑


美丽英文:别处的风景


王婉俊 著


新世界出版社

Chapter 1 Long Histories of Classics
那些经典,源远流长


Life is a profound book.Other\'s notes cannot replace your own understanding.May you find and create something new in it.


生活是一本精深的书,别人的注释代替不了自己的理解。愿你有所发现,有所创造。


Christmas Day
圣诞节


◎Anonymous


As winter rolls around again this year and the days become chillier,millions of people around the world will break out their winter coats and look forward with anticipation to the approaching holiday season.That\'s right,Christmas is upon us again.


The name Christmas is short for “Christ\'s Mass”.A Mass is a kind of Church service.Christmas is a religious festival.It is the day we celebrate as the birthday of Jesus.There are special Christmas services in Christian churches all over the world.But many of the festivities of Christmas do not have anything to do with religion.Exchanging gifts and sending Christmas cards are the modern ways of celebrating the Christmas in the world.


For some,that means digging out those old lights and ornaments out of the closet to hang on the Christmas tree.Although it is generally agreed that the Christmas tree in its current form came from Germany in the early 19th century,the tradition of decorating a tree to mark winter celebrations dates back hundreds of years to Roman times,when they used to decorate evergreen trees with small pieces of metal to celebrate Saturnalia.


In medieval times the “Paradise Play”was performed every year on 24 December.This depicted the creation of Man and the fall of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden and always included an evergreen hung with apples which represented the apple tree of temptation.In the late 16th century,Martin Luther(the founder of the Protestant religion)was the first to decorate an indoor tree with candles when he attempted to recreate the stars shining over a forest of evergreens.The first mention of decorated trees being taken indoors came in 1605 in Germany—a country with a long Christmas tree history!The trees were initially decorated with fruit and sweets together with hand-made objects such as quilled snowflakes and stars.German Christmas Markets began to sell shaped gingerbreads and wax ornaments which people bought as souvenirs of the fair and took home to hang on their trees.


For many children,Christmas is the season of Santa Claus,that mysterious and jolly invader of chimneys,soaring through the sky on his magical sled,bearing gifts for the nice and coal for the naughty.Most people who celebrate Christmas are familiar with the figure of Santa Claus.However,few know the details of his origins or the fairly complex history of his development.


The figure of Santa Claus actually has many different origins and is derived from a variety of traditions.Elements from these different traditions became incorporated together with time and produced the Santa Claus that we know today.The primary inspiration for Santa Claus is the 4th century Christian bishop Saint Nicholas of Myra.Nicholas resided in the ancient Lycian town of Myra,located in Byzantine Anatolia.Having devoted his entire life to Christianity at a young age,Nicholas became known for his generous gifts to the poor.One famous story tells of how he presented three impoverished daughters of a faithful Christian with dowries so that they would not have to become prostitutes.Today,we continue to use Saint Nicholas(or Saint Nick)as a pseudonym for Santa Claus.

The Historical First Thanksgiving Day
历史上第一个感恩节


◎Kathleen Curtin


In 1621,the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast which is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgiving celebrations in the colonies.This harvest meal has become a symbol of cooperation and interaction between English colonists and Native Americans.


Although this feast is considered by many to the very first Thanksgiving celebration,it was actually in keeping with a long tradition of celebrating the harvest and giving thanks for a successful bounty of crops.Native American groups throughout the Americas,including the Pueblo,Cherokee,Creek and many others organized harvest festivals,ceremonial dances,and other celebrations of thanks for centuries before the arrival of Europeans in North America.


Historians have also recorded other ceremonies of thanks among European settlers in North America,including British colonists in Berkeley Plantation,Virginia.


At this site near the Charles River in December of 1619,a group of British settlers led by Captain John Woodlief knelt in prayer and pledged “Thanksgiving”to God for their healthy arrival after a long voyage across the Atlantic.This event has been acknowledged by some scholars and writers as the official first Thanksgiving among European settlers on record.


Whether at Plymouth,Berkeley Plantation,or throughout the Americas,celebrations of thanks have held great meaning and importance over time.The legacy of thanks,and particularly of the feast,have survived the centuries as people throughout the United States gather fam

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