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美国公民读本pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:美国公民读本pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:(美)哈里·P·贾德森,洪友译

出版社:天津人民出版社

出版时间:2012-01-01

书籍编号:30137583

ISBN:9787201072548

正文语种:中文

字数:78806

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-英语读物

全书内容:

美国公民读本


(美)贾德森 著


天津人民出版社

PART Ⅰ English Version


CHAPTER I Our Country


1.Why We Love Our Country.Every good American citizen loves his country and is proud of it.We have very good reasons both for the love and for the pride.Ours is one of the greatest nations of the world,in area of territory,in number of people,in wealth and in power.We also think that the citizens of the great republic are among the most intelligent in the world.Free public schools make it possible for every one to get some sort of an education,and books and newspapers are found in every home.But better still is the liberty which we enjoy.We have no king or emperor to rule over us.We choose our own officers of state,who,indeed,are not our rulers,but are merely public servants.In some countries the police are constantly interfering with people.A public meeting cannot be held without the consent of the police.The police watch the hotel registers and keep careful track of all strangers.If a club or a debating society is formed,the police have to be notified.Then,too,every young man has to spend several years as a soldier—for most of the nations of Europe keep vast armies always ready for war.Now,with us the policeman and the soldier are much less prominent.As long as one is not a thief or some other sort of criminal,the police let one quite alone.And no one in our country needs to be a soldier at all.Our few soldiers are all volunteers.In short,we live in a free land,in which every one may live his life in his own way,so long as he does not interfere with the rights of his neighbors.


2.These are some reasons for loving our country.There are many other reasons too,but perhaps these are enough to show what we mean.Still,it may be as well to add one more—it is our home.There are few words dearer to any genuine man or woman than home.But just as the home is the center of the life of the family,so our country is the center of the nation\'s life.It is our home land—the land of our fathers and mothers,of our brothers and sisters.And he is a poor ingrate who does not dearly love his home.


美国公民读本pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载


THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON


The national capitol is a very noble and dignified building.It is built of sandstone and marble,with a multitude of stately columns,and a majestic dome towering over all.The entire building covers three and one-half acres.Crowning a lofty hill and surrounded by spacious grounds,the capitol is a conspicuous object at a distance of many miles.


The corner-stone was laid by President Washington,September 18,1793.The wings of the central part were completed in 1811,and were burned by the British in 1814.The entire central part was finished in 1827.The present large wings were begun in 1851,and the great iron dome was completed in 1865.


The building faces east.The north wing contains the senate chamber,the south wing that of the house of representatives.The supreme court meets in the old senate chamber,in one of the original wings.At the main entrances are magnificent bronze doors,and the halls and corridors are rich with statuary and historical paintings.


3.What We Mean by a Patriot.A patriot is one who loves his fatherland—his country.People show patriotism in various ways.In time of war,when the national safety is menaced by a public enemy,men are ready to enter the army and to give their lives,if need be,in defense of their country.A true patriot,too,is pleased by everything which reflects credit on his homeland.He is anxious that its public affairs shall be stained with no meanness or dishonor.He is anxious that its government shall always be just and generous in dealing with the governments of other nations.He does not wish an advantage secured from any other nation,especially from a weaker one,by wanton violence or by fraud.He is delighted with every advance of his country in the arts of civilization,and pained at the triumph of evil men or of vicious measures.And he is always ready to do what he can to make his country better or stronger or safer.


4.What a Patriot is Not.We have seen some of the reasons which an American has for being proud of his country.But in order to be a patriot it is not at all necessary to be a boaster.Indeed,a true patriot is so sure of the solid merit of his country that he does not need to say much about it.If a man is in the habit of talking about his own honesty,it leads others to suspect that perhaps after all he is trying to cover up a streak of dishonesty.At any rate,bragging is a weak and foolish habit.And bragging of one\'s country is quite as foolish as it is for a boy to boast of his father\'s wealth or of his sister\'s beauty.


5.Neither is it a sign of patriotism to despise other countries.We may love our own the best,but one who does not know that other countries also are great and powerful and famous,is merely very ignorant.If we respect other nations for their good qualities,we are all the better fitted to understand and admire the like qualities in our own.


6.Sneering at other races is no sign of patriotism.Boys and

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