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最有影响力的斯坦福演讲pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:最有影响力的斯坦福演讲pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:穆楠枫编

出版社:哈尔滨出版社

出版时间:2011-10-01

书籍编号:30109214

ISBN:9787548406570

正文语种:英文

字数:237000

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-英语读物

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最有影响力的斯坦福演讲pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载








斯坦福大学简介


斯坦福大学(Stanford University)位于加利福尼亚州的斯坦福市,临近旧金山,享有“西岸哈佛大学”的美誉。


斯坦福大学始建于1885年。当时的加州铁路大王、曾担任加州州长的老利兰·斯坦福为纪念他在意大利游历时染病而死的儿子出资建立。


斯坦福大学是美国一所私立大学,被公认为世界上最杰出的大学之一。


斯坦福大学强调创新与接受挑战,并把这两项素质当做学校招收学生的基本门槛。


美国《新闻周刊》世界100强大学排名第2位。


韦伯麦特里克斯网世界大学排名第2位。


被《美国新闻与世界报道》评为全美第5名明星级大学,全美学术排名第一。

校训:自由之风永远吹拂(Die Luft der Freiheit weht)。


Speech 1 Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish 求知若饥,虚心若愚
I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I\'ve ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That\'s it. No big deal. Just three stories.
The first story is about connecting the dots.
I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?
It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking:“We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?”They said:“Of course.”My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.
And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents\' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn\'t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn\'t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.
It wasn\'t all romantic. I didn\'t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends\' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5 deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on.
Let me give you one example: Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn\'t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can\'t capture, and I found it fascinating.
None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it\'s likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.
Again, you can\'t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something—your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.
My second story is about love and loss.
I was lucky—I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion c

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