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悦读英语看世界:社会文化篇pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:悦读英语看世界:社会文化篇pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

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作者:张彦编

出版社:浙江大学出版社

出版时间:2011-12-01

书籍编号:30094802

ISBN:9787308093392

正文语种:英文

字数:300000

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-英语读物

全书内容:

悦读英语看世界:社会文化篇pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载








第1章


Joy


harvard psychologist Daniel Gilbert has made happiness his lifelong pursuit.his provocative research finds that humans are lousy at predicting what will bring us joy.More money?Not really.God?Maybe.Marriage?Definitely.“It’s hugely important to be happy,”Gilbert says,“and I don’t mean walking around with a silly smile on your face.I mean achieving a general sense of satisfaction with life and a sense of well-being.”Read on for his ideas.


Commitment “people who commit to relationships are much happier than those who don’t.That’s why married people are happier than those who just live together.When people commit to something that’s expensive or difficult to get out of,they report feeling happier.”


hang in There “psychologists would have you believe that people are a field of fragile flowers who need to visit a therapist when their shoelaces break.The reality is,people are quite strong,much stronger than they themselves realize.One piece of advice I give people who have just experienced hardship is to just hang on.Let time do what time does well.You’ll be surprised in a year and see how much better you are.”


Go to Church (or Somewhere)“Churchgoers are happier than non-churchgoers,but not for the reasons people expect.Our best indication is that it’s not the religion part that makes people happy.It’s the going-to-church part.It’s the community part.It’s the holding hands and singing.It’s the knowing-folks-who-would-bring-you-soup-if-you-got-sick part.Odds seem to me pretty good that you could also get all the benefits out of a really tight stamp-collecting club.”


Invest in Experiences “Experience is almost always a greater determinant of happiness than things are.We want the new car and believe it will bring us happiness.Mean-while,the vacation seems like a splurge.But if you’re going on vacation,odds are somebody’s going with you.And when we are connected well to others,we feel most happy.A vacation also creates lasting memories.A car?It sits in the driveway,gets old and rusts,looks worse than the neighbor’s,and starts causing your dissatisfaction rather than satisfaction.”


provocative adj.intended to make people argue about sth.引起争端的


well-being n.[U]general health and happiness 安乐,康乐


commit to be completely loyal to a person or an organization;give all your time or effort in work,etc.忠于;全心全意投入(工作)


fragile adj.easily broken,not strong易损的,脆弱的


therapist n.[C]a specialist who treats a type of illness or problem治疗专家


odds n.[pl.]the degrees to which sth.is likely to happen (odds are…)可能性,概率(odds are…可能……)


determinant n.[C]a thing that decides whether or how sth.happens决定因素


splurge n.[usu.single]挥霍,糟蹋(钱)


幸福快乐是每个人的追求。然而什么是快乐?怎样我们才会快乐呢?我们天天奔波劳碌,步履匆匆,有多少人会停下脚步静静思量它的真正含义?


这篇短文摘自哈佛大学心理学家部分研究结论,全文文笔流畅,类比精妙,且观点新颖,对我们真正理解快乐的源泉大有裨益。


快乐不是“天天傻笑”,也不是物质上的占有和享受,而是一种“满足感”,一种心理上的社会寄托、信念和体验,这都需要我们细细品味、感受人生。


快乐


哈佛大学心理学家丹尼尔·吉尔伯特毕生追求幸福快乐。在他关于快乐的颠覆性研究中,发现人们并不知道什么才会带来快乐。赚更多的钱?不全然。上帝?也许。婚姻?绝对。吉尔伯特说道:“快乐很重要,但我并非指的是你天天傻笑着四处游荡。我的意思是获得一种对生活的满足感、一种安乐感。”让我们继续来看下他的观点:


忠诚“对一段关系忠诚的人要比那些不忠的人快乐得多。这也就是为什么结了婚的人比那些同居者要快乐的原因。当一个人全身心投入某种昂贵或关系紧密的事物时,报告显示他们更为幸福快乐。”


坚持“心理学家会让你觉得,在人类社会这片土地上满是弱不禁风的花朵,即使只是鞋带散了也需要接受治疗。而事实是,人非常坚强,比他们自身所意识到的还要坚强。对于那些近期刚经历些许磨难的人,我的建议是:坚持。让时间尽其职,一年后你会诧异地发现一切都变得如此美好。”


去教堂(或其他地方)“常去教堂做礼拜的人更为快乐,但原因并非如大家所想。我们想表明的是,让人们快乐的不是宗教,而是去教堂这一行为。这是一种集体归属感;是因为大家手拉手歌唱;是因为结识了这些会在你生病时给你熬汤的朋友。在我看来,一个组织严密的集邮俱乐部也很有可能让你获得这种种益处。”


经历投入“经历总是比事物更能让我们快乐。我们想要新车,觉得它会给我们带来快乐。而度假似乎像是一种挥霍。但如果你去度假,很可能会结识很多旅伴。而当我们与他人相处融洽时,我们会感到非常愉悦。度假还会成为永久的记忆。车呢?停在车道上,日益陈旧,锈迹斑斑,还比邻居的车差,这会让你感到不满而非愉悦。”

第2章


Marriage Wisdom


The 1,001men and women who participated in the Reader’s Digest “Marriage in America Survey”didn’t get paid to participate.But they willingly gave their opinions and words because-we assume-the topic of marriage meant a lot to them.That became obvious the moment we started to read what they had to say:


I love being married,but it can be challenging.If you try to maintain an attitude of fairness and an ability to admit when you’re wrong,you can get through most things.


Divorce is too easy these days.In a marriage,you have to keep working at it and not just focus on the bad qualities.You’ve got to remember the good qualities of your partner,why you loved them when you first married them.


Keep an open mind,openly communicate,and don’t let things get out of hand.handle small slights and problems immediately.


My wife and I don’t make very many decisions by ourselves,especially when it concerns family needs.We are very good about bouncing ideas off each other.We don’t argue.We just state our opinion to each other and go on loving.


We both willingly give up our wants and our needs for the other’s benefit.We have always bolstered each other and tried to keep our criticisms gentle,never bringing each other down intentionally.We are always willing to forgive and forget quickly,and go forward.


Communication is the most important thing-without it on both sides,there is no marriage.The point is not

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