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世界上最富哲理的美文:中英对照pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

书名:世界上最富哲理的美文:中英对照pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载

推荐语:常青藤语言教学中心荣誉推荐。

作者:吴文智编

出版社:南京大学出版社

出版时间:2011-07-01

书籍编号:30022662

ISBN:9787305084157

正文语种:中英对照

字数:300000

版次:1

所属分类:外语学习-英语读物

全书内容:

世界上最富哲理的美文:中英对照pdf/doc/txt格式电子书下载








前言


从事翻译研究二十多年,最大的收获就是认识了很多对英文学习、外国文化有兴趣的年轻朋友,他们身上那种鲜活的热情,使我得到了很多触动和启发。


在我和钱厚生教授主编的《实用汉英翻译词典》获得国家辞书奖以后,就不断有年轻的朋友们向我提一个共同的问题:怎样才能学好英文?


怎样才能学好英文?这确实是一个困扰了我们很久的不是问题的“问题”。对于这个问题,我的答案是“两读一听”——阅读、朗读与听力。


年轻的朋友首先要明确一个概念:英文,不仅是一种语言,也是一种文化,它绝不是枯燥的语法和单词背诵可以代替的,这些是基础,绝不是全部。


阅读优美而正确的英语文章,可以提高阅读能力,扩大词汇量,开阔视野,了解更多西方世界的风俗习惯。在阅读的过程中,可以对照在课堂上学到的语法知识,从感性上进一步掌握英文语法的应用;也可以通过对那些最经典、最优美的文章段落的反复品味,进一步提高英文写作水平。


朗读的好处更加显而易见,口语能力一向是国内学生学习英文的弱项之一,发音不准、不敢开口、磕磕绊绊都是常见的现象。怎样解决这些问题?我建议年轻朋友在阅读美文的时候更多地开口朗读出来,英语对话环境不好找,但是朗读却是人人都可以做到的。


经常朗读可以提高听力,培养英语语感——其实很多人的单词发音都是正确的,但是一旦开口却说不流畅,这就是语感在作祟了。曾发掘了特洛伊遗迹的德国语言天才希泊来,每学会一种外语只用三到六个月,秘诀何在?就是大声朗读。


多听标准语音的材料是非常重要的一个环节,这样能够把自己置身于外语环境中,迫使自己接受,逐渐形成习惯。


由听觉接收到大脑思考,再到发声表达,读和听可以帮助学习者建立这一流畅的反射体系,直到达成如同使用母语般的身体本能。


大量课外阅读、朗读和听力,可以升华我们的人格情操,触及心灵自省,增长语言文化知识,提高语言文化的综合素质,其更本质、更核心的意义,在于培养学习者对英文的浓厚兴趣——这才是一切学习者成功的源动力。


一直以来,我都有一个想法,想要整理一套经典优美的、适合年轻人的英文读物,将很多我认为年轻朋友们有必要读一读的优秀英文作品推荐给大家。但这是一个比较浩大且责任重大的工程,必须静下心花费较长时间来进行。由于我本身的事务一直也比较繁忙,这个想法始终停留在构思阶段。


2008年,常青藤的刘红老师找到我,希望我能主持“每天读点好英文”系列双语读物的编译工作。我很认同常青藤出版的“美丽英文系列”的品质,常青藤那种对读者负责的态度,我也是十分佩服的,刘红老师的提议对我来说是正中下怀,于是我们就此开始了为期将近两年的选撰编译工作。“每天读点好英文”系列图书便于2010年应运而生。


经过一年多的市场考验,证明了此系列图书是成功的,但还是有一些不足,我思前想后,认为要在学习功能上再做加强,于是经过重新筛选编译,再次出版了这套“最美”系列图书,此套图书可以说是“每天读点好英文”的升级版。


“最美”系列是专为有提高英文水平需要和兴趣的年轻朋友们量身打造的一套“超级学习版”双语读物,并配有专业外教录制的光盘,将我倡导的“两读一听”真正体现出来。


那么,有读者会问,此系列图书是如何选材的呢?要解释这个问题,首先要明白衡量一部作品质量的最强大标准是什么?是时间。那些超越了历史与时代局限流传下来的,往往才是文化中最精华的部分。我们经过反复研究,精心选择了各国知名作家最具有代表性的作品来奉献给读者们。一篇篇经典隽永的美文,不仅可以让人在反复咀嚼中唇齿留香,同时也增加了读者的知识面,达到了开阔视野、提升素养的目的。


另外,我一直在强调学习功能,这也是我们在编辑之初就赋予这套书的期许之一。此系列图书的学习功能可谓是目前双语读物市场上学习功能最强大的一套作品。在每篇作品之后,我们都增加了很多实战内容。从“精读”“泛读”“听力”三个方面全面提升英语学习功能。“精读”学基础,主要精讲内文重要词汇及语法知识,增强英语单词能力,并让读者进一步进行翻译训练,提升应用能力;“泛读”练速读,通过多样题型训练阅读速度及理解能力;“听力”学应用,利用随书附赠的光盘及配合习题,提升英语运用能力;另外还有各种动手习题,真正完成了一个完整的反射体系,不愁英语无法提高。


另一点值得注意的是,“最美系列”真正做足了细节,从典雅的版式设计到精美的细节标识,从心灵感悟、作者介绍到各种背景知识的增补链接,我们在细节上下足了功夫,都是为了增加读者的阅读和学习兴趣。时尚的双色印刷技术,清晰地区别了阅读与学习功能,让读者能更轻松地享受阅读,提高英语水平。


主持“最美”系列的编译工作过程中,我收获良多,故此也希望年轻的朋友们在阅读这套书的时候能有所收获,希望这套书能成为波澜壮阔的英文海洋中的导航员,帮助更多的读者发自内心地爱上英文学习,理解英语文化之美。




吴文智    


中国译协专家会员、中国译协理事、江苏省译协秘书长


南京师范大学外国语学院《江苏外语教学研究》杂志主编、研究员


2011年5月10日  

Chapter One
淡定的人生不寂寞


人生在世,谁都难免被寂寞所困,不在寂寞中消亡,就在寂寞中爆发。若能够学会走出寂寞,把生活调节得有滋有味,那你一定会是个幸福的人。寂寞不能太久,否则就成了多愁善感。偶尔的寂寞会是一剂清醒剂,让你更好地面对喧嚣的尘世。

心灵的语言
A Simple Way to Make a Good First Impression


戴尔·卡耐基/Dale Carnegie


Practicing for Better Learning


Read the article quickly and answer the following questions.


1. What are the most important factors of Charles Schwab\'s success?


2. What are the effects of smile?




At a dinner party in New York, one of the guests, a woman who had inherited money, was eager to make a pleasing impression on everyone. She had squandered a modest fortune on sables, diamonds and pearls. But she hadn\'t done anything whatever about her face. It radiated sourness and selfishness. She didn\'t realize what everyone knows: namely, that the expression one wears on one\'s face is far more important than the clothes one wears on one\'s back.


Charles Schwab told me his smile had been worth a million dollars. And he was probably understating the truth. For Schwab\'s personality, his charms, his ability to make people like him, were almost wholly responsible for his extraordinary success;and one of the most delightful factors in his personality was his captivating smile.


Actions speak louder than words, and a smile says, \"I like you, you make me happy. I am glad to see you.\" That is why dogs make such a hit. They are so glad to see us that they almost jump out of their skins. So, naturally, we are glad to see them.


A baby\'s smile has the same effect. Have you ever been in a doctor\'s waiting room and looked around at all the glum faces waiting impatiently to be seen? Dr. Stephen K. Sproul, a veterinarian in Raytown, Missouri, told of a typical spring day when his waiting room was full of clients waiting to have their pets inoculated. No one was talking to anyone else, and all were probably thinking of a dozen other things they would rather be doing than \"wasting time\" sitting in that office. He told one of our classes:


\"There were six or seven clients waiting when a young woman came in with a nine-month-old baby and a kitten. As luck would have it, she sat down next to a gentleman who was more than a little distraught about the long wait for service. The next thing he knew, the baby just looked up at him with that great big smile that is so characteristic of babies. What did that gentleman do?


\"Just what you and I would do, of course; he smiled back at the baby. Soon he struck up a conversation with the woman about her baby and his grandchildren, and soon the entire reception room joined in, and the boredom and tension were converted into a pleasant and enjoyable experience.\"


An insincere grin? That doesn\'t fool anybody. We know it is mechanical and we resent it. I am talking about a real smile, a heartwarming smile, a smile that comes from within, the kind of smile that will bring a good price in the marketplace.


Professor Jam

....

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